You say party, they say partay.

And what happens once they enter into mainstream politics.

The Best Party, Iceland (since 2009)

After the 2008 financial crash in Iceland, there was a widespread mistrust of the political establishment, enabling comedians to successfully make the argument that Icelanders might as well elect clowns to political positions – and the party received 35% of the vote by doing so. The Best Party successfully used cross-media platforms for promoting its subversive, carnivalesque election campaign, and thereby to perform democracy.

The Pirate Party, Iceland (since 2012)

The Five Star Movement, Italy (since 2009) (+ see also Bartlett et al., 2013)

What accounts for this meteoric rise? Two weeks ago, Demos released a report based on a survey of almost 2,000 Facebook fans of Grillo and his Movimento 5 Stelle [M5S] movement. The answer is a fascinating and powerful mix of anti-establishment rhetoric, new technology and old-fashioned rallies and local action. Head on the internet, and feet on the ground, as Grillo himself puts it.

His message is a simple one – that Italian politics is corrupt, elitist, and closed – and it is striking a chord. […] Grillo appears to be an authentic, straight-talking alternative, even if he is policy-lite in certain areas, including on the economy. In a shrewd move that demonstrated his apparent lack of self-interest, he ruled himself out of standing for election, by banning those with a criminal record – he describes himself merely as the spokesman or “guarantor” of the movement. Movimento’s new parliamentarians are a remarkable mix of teachers, housewives, unemployed, young, old and much else. Ordinary people like us.

His skill has been to channel Italians’ general frustrated apathy into a powerful political movement, spurning mainstream media to talk to them directly through Twitter and Facebook.

Anna Hazare’s Lokpal Bill Movement, India (2011)

The WikiLeaks Party, Australia (since 2013)

Assange has said his party would serve as an independent watchdog for Australian government activity.

“It’s a party to put into the Senate, to make sure whoever is put into the government does their job. It’s an insurance against the election,” he said as quoted by Australian national broadcaster ABC.

“WikiLeaks Party is a party of accountability, it’s not a party of government,” he added.

Podemos, Spain (since 2014; its precursor, the 15-M Movement, dates back to May 2011)

RT @Migs_Bru I think the people from #CyberParty and #DigiCultureKCL will appreciate the map of mutations and products of #15M. [image] (13 May 2016)

The Flux Party, Australia (since 2016)

RT @JamieJBartlett New political party in Australia based on pure direct democracy and block chain. Expect more of this. t.co/JTKIHi6DKd cc: @Falkvinge (15 May 2016)

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